Although this term has a broad meaning, it is usually associated with an initial concept of a project through a combination of creative and technical parts. So, architectural design is a first step in making an abstract concept a reality.
Architectural design as a discipline focuses on creating housing or other projects through using several tools. It does so by combining creativity, as the aesthetic part and architecture, as a technical part of providing construction solutions. Though the main form of depiction of a design we encounter are drafts and sketches, several other factors, such as space and aesthetics, rather than only geometry, played a big role in the process of its creation.
While working on an architectural design, an architect should take into consideration needs and resources, aesthetic and technical characteristics and basic rules of construction. Lines, that are the main elements of a project, depict forms, dimensions and positions of different spaces in unity.
Architecture is a combination of different disciplines, rather than only a construction part. That’s why it’s hard to stick a type to a design. We should divide them into infinite categories: according to its use, purpose, aesthetic and technical aspects, etc.
Because the trends constantly change and they are some kind of a reaction to something, examples of architectural design can also be infinite. One of the trends is combining nature and architecture by inserting elements of nature into constructions. This design trend has three essential bases: connection to nature, emphasizing the presence of nature by imitating its forms and constructing buildings that bring sensations of calm.
Architectural design is an essential first step of the final construction, because it takes into account not only creative and aesthetic, but also some details that would be hard to achieve with technical tools such as the different factors of usability of spaces.